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Odoribacter

Odoribacter bacteria are are also found harmlessly in the human gut where they are considered “commensal”, which means “eating from the same dish”—they exist in the human body without either helping or hindering us. Although low levels of Odoribacter may mean little beyond the fact that they’re simply not present, lower concentrations are sometimes reported in patients with ileal Crohn’s Disease and ulcerative colitis.

Just three species of bacteria make up the genus Odoribacter (pronounced “oh-DORY-bact-er”). The name comes from the Latin words “odor” and “bacter”. A combination of the two means “rod of bad smell”. Bacteria of this genus have a rod shape, and some strains are found in the mouths of dogs with gum disease, which accounts for their association with bad odor.

References 

1. Kulagina, E. V., Efimov, B. A., Maximov, P. Y., Kafarskaia, L. I., Chaplin, A. V., Shkoporov, A. N. (2012). Species Composition of Bacteroidales Order Bacteria in the Feces of Healthy People of Various Ages. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, 76(1), 169–171. 

2. Morgan X.C., Tickle T.L., Sokol H., Gevers, D., Devaney, K. L., Ward, D. V.,Reyes J.A.,Shah S.A., LeLeiko N., Snapper S.B., Bousvaros A., Korzenik J., SandsB.E., J Xavier R.J. and Huttenhower C. (2012). Dysfunction of the intestinal microbiome in inflammatory bowel disease and treatment. Genome Biology, 13(9), R79.



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