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Veillonella

Veillonella are commonly found in the human intestine as well as in the guts of other mammals. The bacteria of this genus are best known for their lactate-fermenting abilities. Lactate is a product of lactic acid, a product of cell metabolism that can accumulate when cells lack sufficient oxygen. Although Veillonella themselves are considered largely non-pathogenic (i.e. they do not cause disease), elevated levels have been observed in patients suffering from infections associated with conditions such as immunodeficiency.

The bacterial genus Veillonella (pronounced “VALE-oh-nella”) is a group of 14 species. It was named in the 1930s after Adrien Veillon, the French microbiologist who isolated its first species.

References

1. Brook, I. (1996). Veillonella Infections in Children. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 34(5),1283–1285.

2. Rovery, C., Etienne, A., Foucault, C., Berger, P., & Brouqui, P. (2005). Veillonella montpellierensis Endocarditis. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 11(7), 1112–1114.

3. Rigsbee L, Agans R, Shankar V, Kenche H, Khamis HJ, Michail S, Paliy O. (2012). Quantitative profiling of gut microbiota of children with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. The American journal of gastroenterology. 107(11),1740-1751.

4. Luppens, S. B. I., Kara, D., Bandounas, L., Jonker, M. J., Wittink, F. R. A., Bruning, O., Crielaard, W. (2008). Effect of Veillonella parvula on the antimicrobial resistance and gene expression of Streptococcus mutans grown in a dual-species biofilm. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 23, 183–189.

5. Marriott, D., Stark, D., & Harkness, J. (2007). Veillonella parvula Discitis and Secondary Bacteremia: a Rare Infection Complicating Endoscopy and Colonoscopy? Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 45 (2), 672–674. 

6. Maqsood A. Bhatti, M.A. and Michael O. Frank, M.O. (2000). Veillonella parvula Meningitis: Case Report and Review of Veillonella Infections. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 31 (3), 839-840.

7. Pérez-Jacoiste Asín, M.A., Fernández-Ruiz, M., Serrano-Navarro, I., Prieto-Rodriguez, S., Aguado, J.M. (2013). Polymicrobial endocarditis involving Veillonella parvula in an intravenous drug user: case report and literature review of Veillonella endocarditis. Infection, 41 (2), 591-594.

8. Kang, D., Park, J. G., Ilhan, Z. E., Wallstrom, G., Labaer, J., Adams, J. B., & Krajmalnik- brown, R. (2013). Reduced Incidence of Prevotella and Other Fermenters in Intestinal Microflora of Autistic Children. PLoS ONE, 8(7), e68322.

 

 


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